Glomerulonephritis, also known
as glomerular nephritis, is a renal disease characterized by inflammation
of the glomeruli, or small blood vessels in the kidneys. It may
present with isolated hematuria and/or proteinuria (blood resp.
protein in the urine); or as a nephrotic syndrome, a nephritic syndrome,
acute renal failure, or chronic renal failure. They are categorised
into several different pathological patterns, which are broadly
grouped into non-proliferative or proliferative types. Diagnosing
the pattern of GN is important because the outcome and treatment
differs in different types. Primary causes are ones which are intrinsic
to the kidney, whilst secondary causes are associated with certain
infections (bacterial, viral or parasitic pathogens), drugs, systemic
Acute glomerulonephritis (AGN) is active inflammation in the glomeruli.
Each kidney is composed of about 1 million microscopic filtering
"screens" known as glomeruli that selectively remove uremic
waste products. The inflammatory process usually begins with an
infection or injury (e.g., burn, trauma), then the protective immune
system fights off the infection, scar tissue forms, and the process
There are many diseases that cause an active inflammation within
the glomeruli. Some of these diseases are systemic (i.e., other
parts of the body are involved at the same time) and some occur
solely in the glomeruli. When there is active inflammation within
the kidney, scar tissue may replace normal, functional kidney tissue
and cause irreversible renal impairment.
The severity and extent of glomerular damage—focal (confined)
or diffuse (widespread)—determines how the disease is manifested.
Glomerular damage can appear as subacute renal failure, progressive
chronic renal failure (CRF); or simply a urinary abnormality such
as hematuria (blood in the urine) or proteinuria (excess protein
in the urine).
An immunological disorder.
- Streptococcal throat or skin infection.
- Scabies with impetigo.
- Onset: sudden.
- Swelling of face in morning.
- Gradually swelling of whole body.
- Low grade fever.
- Nausea, vomiting.
- Temperature: 38-38.5C.
- Pulse: fast.
- Blood pressure: raised.
- Face: puffy.
- Oedema: pitting.
- Renal angle: may be tender.
- Tonsils: enlarged, congested.
- Heart: apex out, forceful.
- Acute renal failure.
- Hypertensive left ventricular failure.
- Hypertensive encephalopathy.
- Secondary infection.
- Bed rest till haematuria, hypertension, fever,
edema, ESR, subside.
- Protein restriction.
- Salt restriction.
- Fluid restriction according to urinary output.
- Diet consisting of glucose, barely water,
rice, potatoes should be encouraged.
Homeopathy Treatment & Homeopathic Remedies for Glomerulonephritis
Homeopathy treats the person as a whole. It means that homeopathic
treatment focuses on the patient as a person, as well as his pathological
condition. The homeopathic medicines are selected after a full individualizing
examination and case-analysis, which includes the medical history
of the patient, physical and mental constitution etc. A miasmatic
tendency (predisposition/susceptibility) is also often taken into
account for the treatment of chronic conditions. The medicines given
below indicate the therapeutic affinity but this is not a complete
and definite guide to the treatment of this condition. The symptoms
listed against each medicine may not be directly related to this
disease because in homeopathy general symptoms and constitutional
indications are also taken into account for selecting a remedy.
To study any of the following remedies in more detail, please visit
our Materia Medica
section. None of these medicines should be taken without professional
Incipient nephritis. Stinging and pressing pains,
kidney region. Kidneys act but slightly: urine contains albumen
and fragments of casts. Urine hot, dark; red, with white faeces:
red and clear. Bloody urine. Also, urine suppressed or retained.
Renal region sensitive, with shooting pains. Painful urging to urinate.
Aconite has Fear: tosses about with anxiety. Attacks are sudden,
violent. Ailments from fright, vexation, chill: cold winds.
Pains in renal region, and region of bladder
very sensitive. Burning pressure in bladder, then in sacrum: pain
in kidney region, more left side. Urine frothy and iridescent. Red.
Pain in both kidneys (Bright's disease). Renal
pains; soreness; pressure on stooping. Pain left kidney. Suppression
of urine. "Acute inflammatory affection of kidneys, with albuminuria,
as in scarlet fever or diphtheria: or, after these, as a sequel
to acute disease." Kent. "Inflammation of kidneys closes
up the case" (Scarlet fever) "and kills off a good many
in allopathic practice, never in homoeopathic hands." Kent.
Typical Apis is thirstless: intolerant of heat.
Touching the kidney region increases the pain
to the highest degree. Acute pain, kidneys, extends down ureters
to bladder; worse slightest touch or motion, even deep inspiration.
Typical Arg. nit. has apprehension. Gets diarrhea from anticipation.
Craves sweets, which disagree: salt. Is nervous: hurried: walks
In inflammation of kidneys, bladder, even pneumonia:
its mental state, and the sore bruised feeling all over the body
would enable you to do astonishing work. Does not want to be touched.
Horrors in the night. Horror of instant death. Chill followed by
nephritic pains, nausea and vomiting. Piercing pains as from knives
plunged into kidneys: chilly and inclined to vomit. Urine difficult,
scanty, dark, with thick brown sediment. Suppression of urine.
Nephritis with stitches in renal region; on breathing
or sneezing., Abscess of kidney. Uraemia, with vomiting, colic.
Urine, dark-brown; dark yellow: turbid: mixed with blood and pus;
greenish. Urine like thick beer; rotten smell. Suppression of urine.
Albuminuria; fatty degeneration. Extreme restlessness, anxiety,
prostration. Extreme restlessness, anxiety, prostration.
Kidneys hyperaemic, with pressure round waist,
and increase of urine (Cardiac hypertrophy). Suppression or retention
of urine. Haematuria. In Aur. all the natural healthy affections
are perverted: he loathes life: is weary of life: longs to die;
is suicidal. Absolute loss of enjoyment in everything.
Stinging, burning pain, from region of kidneys
down into bladder. Suppression. "No remedy has a greater irritation
in the bladder and along the urinary tract." Bell. pains, clutch:
come and go suddenly. Bell., typically, has redness, great heat
to touch: dilated pupils.
Kidney pains, which penetrate the chest on taking
a deep breath. Sore pain in back: burning in left kidney; with drawing
pain when stooping. Dull pain in kidneys; loins stiff. Urine of
a very repulsive odour. Pungent. From the time of first passing
it. "Urine on clothing scents the room." Contains mucus
and pus. Strong, hot, dark-brown urine. Ocimum canum Kent gives
this in black type for nephritis. Used in Brazil as a specific for
diseases of kidneys, bladder and urethra. Crampy pain in kidneys.
Turbid urine: saffron coloured. "Discharge of large quantities
of bloody or thick purulent urine." Hansen. Urine with intolerable
odour, like musk.
Soreness lumbar region and Kidneys. Can bear
no pressure: no jar Has to step down carefully. Jar or jolt intolerable.
Burning; burning stitches,loins and kidneys. Sore kidneys with urinary
disturbances; and excessive deposits. "Little calculi form,
start down ureter: pains run up kidney and down to bladder."
Berb. has bubbling sensation, and pains that radiate from a point.
"Pain in back a chief indication for Berberis."
Inflammation and pain kidneys. Pinkish urinary
deposits: uric acid crystals." Whenever he strains himself,
lifting, or unusual motion, pain in kidneys; a rousing up of congestion
and long-lasting pain. "After overheating or over exertion,
he gets pain in the back."
Constant pain right kidney: sharp stitches both
kidneys. Aching, burning, in kidneys keep him awake at night. Pain
in Kidneys when laughing. (Hashish) has the most extravagant mental
symptoms; with exaggerations of time and space.
Ulcerative pain in Kidney regions. Sensation
of soreness kidneys and bladder. Gonorrhoeal cases.
The whole urinary organs and genitalia are in
a state of inflammation and irritation. Discharge of bloody urine
burns like fire. Intensity and rapidity are the features of this
remedy. Dull pressing or paroxysmal cutting and burning pains in
both kidneys: very sensitive to slightest touch. Urging to urinate.
Painful evacuation, by drops, of bloody urine, or pure blood. Intolerable
urging, before, during and after urination. Suppression. Violently
acute inflammation or rapidly destructive.
Violent paroxysms of pain in kidneys, with intense
headache, vertigo and syncope. Pain and tenderness kidney regions:
sensitive to pressure even of clothing. Urine reddish, turbid, contains
fibrin, flakes and sand. Characteristics. Pain under right shoulder
angle. A great liver medicine: a right sided medicine.
Pain in region of Kidneys. Hyperaemia. Nephritis;
bloody, ink-like, albuminous urine. Dropsy after scarlatina. Urine
like ink, after scarlatina. Urine burns when it passes. Suppression;
retention. "The kidneys manufacture no urine: scanty urine
with dropsy." "Chiefly in acute form of Bright's disease."Characteristics
of Colch. Smell painfully acute: nausea and faintness from smell
of cooking. Loathing of food, sight and smell of it. Urine contains
clots of putrid decomposed blood, albumin, sugar.
Nephritis albuminosa, in toxaemia, or pregnancy.
Urine dark, smoky from admixture of fluid blood. Haematuria. Urine
extremely scanty dark red with blood; jelly-like; green-yellow from
much bile. One of our greatest remedies for sepsis. Black water-fever,
urine like dark bloody jelly. Skin may be yellow to green: yellow
colour of eyes.
May have haemorrhage from any and every part of
body. Dark thin blood. Putridity. Even the most rapid and desperate
Chronic nephritis. Dull, deep pain in kidneys:
cutting pain. Suppression of urine.
Post scarlet fever nephritis. Congestion of kidneys
with extensive effusion of serum in abdominal cavity and tissue
of lower extremities. Dropsy after scarlet fever with albumen and
fibrin casts in urine. Suppression of urine; or urine highly albuminous,
dark, no sediment; breathes easier lying down: acute dropsies. Urine
scanty, dark, or smoky with decomposed blood with floating dark
specks, like coffee grounds; albuminous, scanty. Top part clear.
A great remedy in meningitis and hydrocephalus. Chewing motions:
boring head into pillow. Automatic motion of one arm and leg. Staring:
eyes wide open: insensible to light.
Burning sensation, Kidneys: can trace their outlines
by the burning. Congestion and pain in kidneys with albuminuria.
Right kidney extremely sensitive. Albuminuria acute or chronic.
Usually tired but knows no reason. Burning, scalding pain when urinating.
Affects the female genital organs. Eryngium aquat. Must urinate
every five minutes: urine dripping away all the time, burning like
Pain, kidneys, with incessant, painful urging
and voiding a few drops of purulent urine. Emaciation: renal region
sensitive to slightest touch. Violent fever with unquenchable thirst:
diarrhea and night-sweats. Croupous nephritis, suppurative stage;
fever; chills, alternating with burning heat. Has to wait for urine
to pass: never able to finish urinating, some remains in bladder.
Urine: dark red and hot: acrid: scalding: brown-red; last drops
mixed with blood: on standing, turbid and thick: with greasy pellicle,
or iridescent. Hepar is characteristically chilly, with hyperaesthesia
mental and physical.
Tensive pain in left kidney: oedema left foot,
extending to right and over whole body. Blackish urine, foams on
shaking, on standing leaves a thick, reddish, slime. Stitches, dull,
or sharp in both renal regions. Urine: the more one presses the
less the flow.
Nephritis Frequent urging. Could only pass a
few drops of bloody urine. Urine black and albuminous, greenish
black. Prostration, coldness and easy haemorrhage. A cold day had
"cooled off her blood".
Stitches in kidneys, extending through ureters.
Urine almost black: frequent, foamy, dark. Like coffee grounds:
black, scanty after scarlatina. Loaded with albumen. Suppressed.
No urine: no stool. Lach. is cyanosed: extremely sensitive to heat
and Touch: especially about neck and abdomen. Sleeps into an aggravation.
Typically, loquacious, suspicious and jealous.
Urinary difficulties, with palpitation and gasping
for breath, coming on by spells.
Suppressed urine: retention from paralysis of
bladder. Involuntary urination.
Nephritis with characteristic Lyc. symptoms.
One of the suppression of urine drugs. 4 to 8 p.m. aggravation
of symptoms. Desire for hot drinks: sweets. Characteristics, Red
sand in (? clear) urine. Urine reddens and causes eruptions if allowed
to remain in contact with parts (esp. babies). A (Lyc.) symptom:
polyuria at night only.
Tenesmus vesicae with intense burning. Urine
suppressed, or hot urine passed drop by drop with much pain. Urine
hot, burning, bloody: contains filaments, or flesh-like pieces of
mucus: albuminous: shows granular fatty tubuli, with epithelial
cells on their surface also in a state of granular fatty degeneration.
Patient looks pinched; shrivelled; melancholy. A drug of violence:
of inflammations with burning or desperate teuesmus: the "Never
get done" remedy, in dysentery.
Nephritis with diminished secretion of urine,
with great desire to pass it. Urine saturated with albumin: dark
brown: mixed with blood: with dirty white sediment. Haematuria,
with violent and frequent urging to urinate. Urine dark-red; becomes
turbid and fetid: smells sour and pungent: mixed with blood; white
flakes; or as if
containing pus: flesh-like lumps of mucus: as
if flour very dark: With burning and scalding sensation during urination
as from raw surfaces. Worse at night: worse heat and cold; profuse,
oily sweat, which does not ameliorate.
Must be considered where there has been much malaria,
and quinine. Tension and heat in renal regions. Polyuria with violent
desire to urinate; inability to retain urine. Curious symptoms,
unable to urinate unless alone.
Nephritis from stagnation of portal circulation.
Bloating of abdomen. Pressure, heat, burning in loins and kidneys.
Pains in small of back, as if bruised: so violent, he cannot move.
Haematuria, after abuse of alcoholic stimulants, or drugs; suppression
of haemorrhoidal or menstrual discharges. Pressure and distension
in abdomen, loins, and kidneys. Spasmodic retention of urine: discharge
drop by drop. Strangury after beer. Nux is irritable and chilly:
with hyperaesthesia mental and physical.
"Bright's disease, with sensations of weakness
and emptiness." Albumen and exudation cells in urine. "Fatty
degeneration of kidneys, liver and heart, with anaemia." Urine
contains epithelial, fatty or waxy casts. Dropsy accompanied by
diarrhea. Uraemia, with acute atrophy brain and medulla. Haematuria:
general dissolution of blood. Thirst: craves ices: worse lying on
left side: fears thunder,
dark. Phos. is a profuse, easy bleeder. Blood
Tearing pain in kidneys: oedema: after exposure
to wet. After exposure to much dampness, oedema of face, feet, developing
into general anasarca: urine full of albumen. Tearing pains small
of back; urine contains blood and albumen. Urine voided slowly,
paralytic weakness of bladder. Rhus is worse for Cold: Wet: washing;
chill, and draught. Worse for first moving: but better for continued
Nephritis with retention, or discharge by drops
with burning. Urine bloody and albuminous. Pain from lumbar region
to pubes. Ardor urinae in rheumatic subjects. Metrorrhagia from
Neuralgia; attacks of most excruciating pain
from right kidney downwards. Chronic nephritis. Renal colic and
passage of gravel. Much pain at conclusion of passing water, almost
unbearable. "Lyc. has red sand with clear urine; Sars. white
sand with scanty, slimy or flaky urine." Nash. Urine dribbles
Recurrent attacks nephritis, especially right
kidney. With intense pain, fever. Every time he passed water, cried
out in anguish. Clarke.
Suppuration of kidneys: abscesses. "All sorts
of suppurative conditions in the urinary tract; catarrh of the mucous
membranes. Old inveterate catarrhs of bladder, with pus and blood
in the urine. Bloody, purulent discharge, thick or curdy. Sil. is
chilly: worse cold damp weather. Sensitive to noise, pain, cold.
Every hurt festers. Silica headaches need heat, and wrapping up.
Foot-sweats: especially foul: ailments from suppressed foot- sweat.
Hippozaeninum Tubercles and abscesses in kidneys. (Glanders) Albuminuria;
also leucine and tyrosine. "Used in a large number of cases
involving low forms of suppuration and catarrh, malignant ulcerations
and swellings, abscesses and enlarged glands." Clarke.
Kidneys secrete less urine or none, in acute diseases,
in children, in eruptive fevers etc. Great desire to urinate, though
secretion is suppressed. Urine dribbles away very slowly and feebly.
Retention: sensation urine could not be passed, because of narrowness
of urethra. After straining, a few drops are passed. Better after
Scarlatinum or Streptococcin as an intercurrent
remedy in cases that have followed an attack of scarlet fever. After
scarlet fever, or acute tonsillitis.
Violent pain kidney region after long stooping.
Chronic nephritis, especially. Secretions burn and redden orifices:
eyelids, anus, etc. 11 a.m. emptiness and hunger. 11 a.m. emptiness
and hunger. Burning soles at night: puts them out. Theorizing: the
"Congestive kidneys, with dull aching, and
smoky-looking urine." Violent burning and drawing pains in
kidneys, bladder and urethra. Pressure in kidneys when sitting;
relieved by motion. Stiff all over; heaviness and pains in region
of kidneys. Renal disease producing dropsy. Rapid attack with lumbar
pain. Urine greatly diminished: loaded with albumen: contains casts
and blood. Suppressed. Urine smoky: with "coffee grounds"
or thick, slimy, sediment. Smells of violets. Early scarlatinal
nephritis. Tongue smooth glossy, red. Or a coating which peels in
patches. Tereb. has purpuric conditions: ecchymoses. "Haemorrhages
from all outlets, especially in connection with urinary or kidney
troubles." Nash. Ascites with anasarca, in organic lesions
Kidneys inflamed: feet swollen. Urine: profuse,
light yellow: contains sugar: foams, scanty, exceedingly dark: deposits.
brown mucus. Pain left kidney to epigastrium. Especially useful
in gonorrhoeal, or "Vaccinosis" cases.