Abortion is the expulsion or extraction of
the fetus from the womb before it is viable, usually before the
20th week of gestation. An abortion can occur spontaneously due
to complications during pregnancy or can be induced, in humans and
other species. In the context of human pregnancies, an abortion
induced to preserve the health of the gravida (pregnant female)
is termed a therapeutic abortion, while an abortion induced for
any other reason is termed an elective abortion. The term abortion
most commonly refers to the induced abortion of a human pregnancy,
while spontaneous abortions are usually termed miscarriages.
Recurrent pregnancy loss (RPL) or recurrent
miscarriage (medically termed habitual abortion) is the
occurrence of three consecutive miscarriages. If the proportion
of pregnancies ending in miscarriage is 15%, then the probability
of two consecutive miscarriages is 2.25% and the probability of
three consecutive miscarriages is 0.34%. The occurrence of recurrent
pregnancy loss is 1%. A large majority (85%) of women who have had
two miscarriages will conceive and carry normally afterwards.
Signs and Symptoms of Abrotion, Miscarriage
The physical symptoms of a miscarriage vary according to the length
At up to six weeks only small blood clots may be present, possibly
accompanied by mild cramping or period pain.
At 6 to 13 weeks a clot will form around the embryo or fetus, and
the placenta, with many clots up to 5 cm in size being expelled
prior to a completed miscarriage. The process may take a few hours
or be on and off for a few days. Symptoms vary widely and can include
vomiting and loose bowels, possibly due to physical discomfort.
At over 13 weeks the fetus may be easily passed from the womb, however
the placenta is more likely to be fully or partially retained in
the uterus, resulting in an incomplete abortion. The physical signs
of bleeding, cramping and pain can be similar to an early miscarriage,
but sometimes more severe and labour-like.
/ Miscarriage - Treatment & Homeopathic Remedies
This is a remedy useful to prevent impending abortion
occurring about the third month, ushered in by the appearance of
blood, which is oftentimes the first symptom; then follow pain in
the small of the back, going around and through the pubes ; there
are forcing and dragging pains from the sacrum to the pubes. The
flow is bright red and clotted. It is useful for metritis accompanied
by flooding from miscarriage. Cinamomum. Useful for abortion from
a strain or misstep with profuse haemorrhage and slight pain. Arnica.
Threatened miscarriage from traumatism.
For miscarriage in the early months of pregnancy Secale may be the
remedy, especially in feeble and cachectic women. It is useful for
checking the tendency to miscarriage in the later months, when the
muscular tissue of the womb is largely developed. It is indicated
by frequent labor-like pains, a copious haemorrhage of black fluid
blood, a wan sunken countenance, tingling and formication of the
extremities and a desire for air. Hartmann recommended Secale 12.
Threatening miscarriage when the pains come from the back around
to the lower part of the abdomen and go into the thighs. It will
often stop these spasmodic pains. It is a remedy to be used in frequent
and early miscarriages. Sepia is one of our most important remedies
as a preventive of miscarriage. It is indicated by nervous irritability,
laxness of tissues and a sense of weight in the anus. Belladonna.
Threatened miscarriage with profuse hot haemorrhage,
backache, headache and the peculiar uterine tenesmus of the remedy
and violent aching of the body. The least jar is painful.
One of our most powerful restrainers of abortion; the pains indication
the threatened miscarriage fly across the abdomen from side to side
doubling the patient up. It suits habitual abortion in women
of a rheumatic diathesis. Aconite. Impending abortion from anger,
also Chamomilla ; the mental conditions, however , will be different
with Chamomilla ; great nervous excitement will accompany the pains.
Caulophyllum. A very useful remedy in false labor pains and also
as a preventive of abortion. There is severe pains in the back and
sides of the abdomen, feeble uterine contractions and scanty flow.