What Is Alopecia Areata?
Alopecia areata is considered an autoimmune disease, in which
the immune system, which is designed to protect the body from foreign
invaders such as viruses and bacteria, mistakenly attacks the hair
follicles, the tiny cup-shaped structures from which hairs grow.
This can lead to hair loss on the scalp and elsewhere.
In most cases, hair falls out in small, round patches about the
size of a quarter. In many cases, the disease does not extend beyond
a few bare patches. In some people, hair loss is more extensive.
Although uncommon, the disease can progress to cause total loss
of hair on the head (referred to as alopecia areata totalis) or
complete loss of hair on the head, face, and body (alopecia areata
Alopecia Areata - What Causes It?
In alopecia areata, immune system cells called white blood cells
attack the rapidly growing cells in the hair follicles that make
the hair. The affected hair follicles become small and drastically
slow down hair production. Fortunately, the stem cells that continually
supply the follicle with new cells do not seem to be targeted. So
the follicle always has the potential to regrow hair.
Is My Hair Loss a Symptom of a Serious Disease?
Alopecia areata is not a life-threatening disease. It does not
cause any physical pain, and people with the condition are generally
healthy otherwise. But for most people, a disease that unpredictably
affects their appearance the way alopecia areata does is a serious
The effects of alopecia areata are primarily socially and emotionally
disturbing. In alopecia universalis, however, loss of eyelashes
and eyebrows and hair in the nose and ears can make the person more
vulnerable to dust, germs, and foreign particles entering the eyes,
nose, and ears.
Alopecia areata often occurs in people whose family members have
other autoimmune diseases, such as diabetes, rheumatoid arthritis,
thyroid disease, systemic lupus erythematosus, pernicious anemia,
or Addison's disease. People who have alopecia areata do not usually
have other autoimmune diseases, but they do have a higher occurrence
of thyroid disease, atopic eczema, nasal allergies, and asthma.
Will My Hair Ever Grow Back?
There is every chance that your hair will regrow, but it may also
fall out again. No one can predict when it might regrow or fall
out. The course of the disease varies from person to person. Some
people lose just a few patches of hair, then the hair regrows, and
the condition never recurs. Other people continue to lose and regrow
hair for many years. A few lose all the hair on their head; some
lose all the hair on their head, face, and body. Even in those who
lose all their hair, the possibility for full regrowth remains.
In some, the initial hair regrowth is white, with a gradual return
of the original hair color. In most, the regrown hair is ultimately
the same color and texture as the original hair.
Alopecia Areata Treatment
The following are some commonly used medicines for alopecia areata.
Keep in mind that while these treatments may promote hair growth,
none of them prevent new patches or actually cure the underlying
Corticosteroids, Minoxidil (5%), Anthralin (Psoriatec), Sulfasalazine
, Oral cyclosporine
Homeopathic Remedies & Homeopathy Treatment for Alopecia Areata
Homeopathic medicines are known to give very good results in cases
of alopecia reata. The medicines most commonly found useful are
Acid-flouricum, Phosphorus, Graphites, Apis,
Ars-alb, Calcarea, Hepar-sulph, Psorinum, Kali-carb, Rhus-tox, Sepia,
Psorinum, Calc-phos, Carbo-animalis, Selenium, Kali-phos, Lycopodium.
Homeopathy treats the person as
a whole. It means that homeopathic treatment focuses on the patient
as a person, as well as his pathological condition. The homeopathic
medicines are selected after a full individualizing examination
and case-analysis, which includes the medical history of the patient,
physical and mental constitution etc.
For more information about symptoms of these medicines:
Alopecia - Homeopathic
Medicines, Treatment & Cure
- Cause, Homeopathic Treatment & Cure